Product for dogs and cats with abnormal flora of the gastrointestinal tract, caused by diarrhoea, antibiotic therapy and following de-worming, and also for growing animals and those prone to constipation.
Live bacteria cultures 5 000 000 000:
Antibiotic therapy – 1 capsule daily
(up to 7 days after the completion of the therapy)
Growing animals – 1 capsule daily for 20 days.
Diarrhoea, constipation – 2 capsules daily for 10 days
Following de-worming – 1 capsule daily for 7 days.
Capsules may be given orally directly or their content mixed with food. The animal should be provided with access to fresh water at all times.
The mechanism of action
The mechanism of action
The mechanism of action of the product is based on the action of its individual ingredients as described in the relevant literature.
- Probiotics contain such a number of live and well defined microorganisms which, through the process of colonisation change the microflora in the gastrointestinal tract and thus have a beneficial effect on the body. (Schrezenmeir and de Vrese, 2001). The bacteria are also highly antagonistic towards microbes such as Salmonella, Shigella sp., Escherichia coli or Clostridum sp. A minimum number of live bacteria necessary for the probiotic effect ranges depending on the source from 106 to 109 of live cells daily to 109 to 1011 bacteria (Lee and Salminem, 1995). The following are some health benefits of probiotics: increased nutritional value of food (easier digestion and increased absorption of minerals and vitamins); easier digestion of lactose, protection of the gastrointestinal tract from infections, boost to the immune system, reduction of the number of inflammations, protection from cancer, anti-allergic activity, reduction in the pace of intestinal peristalsis, reduction in the level of cholesterol in blood and protection from the demineralisation of bones (Bielecka, 2002). Only a number of strains have proved probiotic properties: Lactobacillus, Enterococcus and Bifidobacterium. The literature describes beneficial effects of Actinobacillus acidophilus, Enterococcus feacium, Bifidobacterium longum andi Actinobacillus rhamnosus in dogs. (Weese and Anderson, 2002; Benyacoub et. al., 2003; McCoy et al., 2007).
- Mannan oligosaccharides (MOS) and fructo oligosaccharides (FOS) are carbohydrates forming the fraction of food fibre, commonly used in food for dogs. They are sometimes called prebiotics. They are fermented by the microflora of the gastrointestinal tract, mainly of the colon to short-chain fatty acids, which are the main source of energy for the cells of the large intestine – colonocytes. Also, FOS and MOS may increase the number of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium bacteria and reduce the number of putrefying components (phenols and indoles) formed in the large intestine (Swanson et. al, 2002). Prebiotics have the capacity to reduce the pH of faeces which leads to an increase in the number of bacteria beneficial for the gastrointestinal tract while reducing the growth of potentially harmful bacteria such as Clostridium perfringens. They modify the amount of microflora in the gastrointestinal tract and facilitate the absorption of nutrients. Very importantly, MOS may induce the local immunity of the mucosa of the colon by increasing the number of specific IgA antibodies (Middlebos et al., 2007)
- BioProtect contains both probiotics and prebiotics so it may be called a synbiotic, so a product which contains probiotic bacteria and carbohydrates which facilitate fermentation, which are a kind of food for that bacteria. It is therefore a comprehensive product supporting the functions of the gastrointestinal tract, in particular of the colon. Both probiotics and prebiotics are commonly used in the feeding of dogs.
So, the BioProtect supplementary food contains active substances of scientifically proved mechanisms of action, the use of which may prove beneficial for older dogs.